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Maria Griselda Corro Hernandez, Speaker at Chemical Engineering Conferences
Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Mexico
Title : Effect of the electronic State of Cu, Ag, and Au on diesel soot abatement


Noble metals such as Au, Ag and Cu supported over semiconducting ZnO are well-known heterogeneous oxidation catalysts. All of them have been utilized for the oxidation of diesel soot with varied success. However, Au-supported ZnO is seen to be superior among them. Here we present a comparative study of all these three catalysts for diesel soot oxidation, to explain why Au/ZnO is the best among them, demonstrating the contribution of electronic states of metals in composite catalysts. The electronic states of Cu, Ag, and Au determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) on 1wt%Cu/ZnO, 1wt%Ag/ZnO, and 1wt%Au/ZnO catalysts were correlated with their diesel soot oxidation activities. Although all three catalysts present reasonable diesel soot oxidation activities at relatively low temperature, while 1%Cu/ZnO and 1%Ag/ZnO oxidize only about 60% of the deposited diesel soot around 250°C, 1%Au/ZnO oxidizes 100% of the deposited diesel soot, at temperature as low as 230°C. The activity of the catalysts is attributed to the formation of stable M0–M?+ bifunctional catalytic sites at the metal-ZnO interface, which enhances the contact efficiency of solid diesel soot on M?+ and generates superoxide species on M0 moieties. The stability of the bifunctional M0–M?+ sites is controlled by the electronic interactions between the metal (M) and n-type semiconductor ZnO at their interface. Very high activity of 1%Au/ZnO is attributed to the presence of Au3+ at the catalyst surface which generates a stronger coulombic force with diesel soot electrons. We demonstrate a direct relation between the diesel soot oxidation activity of these three metals and their electronic states at the catalyst surface.


Dr. Grisel Corro studied Chemistry at the Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Mexico in 1980. She received her Docteur d’Etat degree in 1983 at the Université de Poitiers, France. She obtained the position of Professor at the Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla. She has published 79 research articles in Sciences Journals.