HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Rome, Italy or Virtually from your home or work.
Osman Adiguzel, Speaker at Chemical Engineering Conferences
Firat University, Turkey
Title : Shape reversibility and functional characterization of shape memory alloys


A series of alloy system take place in a class of functional materials, by giving stimulus response to external effect. Shape memory alloys take place in this class by exhibiting a peculiar property called shape memory effect, with the chemical composition β-phase region. This phenomenon is characterized by the recoverability of two certain shapes of material at different conditions. Shape memory effect is initiated with thermomechanical processes on cooling and deformation and performed thermally on heating and cooling, with which shape of material cycle between original and deformed shape in reversible way. Therefore- this behavior can be called Thermoelasticity. This property is result of the crystallographic transformations, thermal and stress induced martensitic transformations. Thermal induced martensitic transformation occurs on cooling with cooperative movements of atoms by means of lattice invariant shears in <110 > -type directions on the {110} - type planes of austenite matrix, along with lattice twinning and ordered parent phase structures turn into the twinned martensite structures, and the twinned structures turn into the detwinned martensite structures by means of stress induced martensitic transformation, by stressing material in the martensitic condition. These alloys exhibit another property called superelasticity, which is performed with stressing and releasing material at a constant temperature in parent phase region, and shape recovery is performed simultaneously upon releasing the applied stress. Superelasticity is performed in non-linear way; stressing and releasing paths are different in the stress-strain diagram, and hysteresis loop refers to energy dissipation. Superelasticity is also result of stress induced martensitic transformation and ordered parent phase structures turn into detwinned martensite structure with stressing in the parent phase region. These alloys are functional materials with these properties, and they are used as shape memory devices in many fields from biomedical application to the building industry with these properties. Copper based alloys exhibit this property in metastable β-phase region, which has bcc-based structures at high temperature parent phase field.  Lattice invariant shear and twinning is not uniform in copper based ternary alloys and gives rise to the formation of complex layered structures. The layered structures can be described by different unit cells as 3R, 9R or 18R depending on the stacking sequences on the close-packed planes of the ordered lattice. Unit cell and periodicity is completed through 18 layers, in 18R structure in ternary copper-based shape memory alloys. In the present contribution, x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies were carried out on copper based CuAlMn and CuZnAl alloys. X-ray diffraction profiles and electron diffraction patterns exhibit super lattice reflections. X-ray diffractograms taken in a long-time interval show that diffraction angles and intensities of diffraction peaks change with the aging duration at room temperature.  This result refers to the rearrangement of atoms in diffusive manner

Audience Take Away 

  • Shape memory alloys are functional materials and used in many fields from biomedical application to the building industry. 
  • This is a multidisciplinary conference, and I will introduce the basic terms and definition at the beginning of my talk and continue with experimental results. 
  • This is important, because, every scientist is not familiar with every subject of the science, and basic knowledge in elementary level, in order the audience will learn the basis of the presented lectures.


Dr. Adiguzel graduated from Department of Physics, Ankara University, Turkey in 1974 and received PhD- degree from Dicle University, Diyarbakir-Turkey. He has studied at Surrey University, Guildford, UK, as a post-doctoral research scientist in 1986-1987, and studied on shape memory alloys. He worked as research assistant, 1975-80, at Dicle University and shifted to Firat University, Elazig, Turkey in 1980. He became professor in 1996, and he has been retired on November 28, 2019, due to the age limit of 67, following academic life of 45 years. He published over 80 papers in international and national journals; He joined over 120 conferences and symposia in international and national level as participant, invited speaker or keynote speaker with contributions of oral or poster. He served the program chair or conference chair/co-chair in some of these activities. In particular, he joined in last six years (2014 - 2019) over 60 conferences as Keynote Speaker and Conference Co-Chair organized by different companies. Also, he joined over 120 virtual conferences in the same way in pandemic period of 2020-2022. He supervised 5 PhD- theses and 3 M. Sc- theses. Dr. Adiguzel served his directorate of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Firat University, in 1999-2004. He received a certificate awarded to him and his experimental group in recognition of significant contribution of 2 patterns to the Powder Diffraction File – Release 2000. The ICDD (International Centre for Diffraction Data) also appreciates cooperation of his group and interest in Powder Diffraction File.