Title: Kinetics in heterogeneous catalysis for DeNOx reactions : How to relate catalytic to surface properties

Pascal Granger

University of Lille, France


Pascal Granger (1964) is professor at the University of Lille, member of the French Chemical Society. His research work is focused on reaction mechanisms and kinetics of catalytic reactions in post-combustion catalysis and catalytic DeNOx and DeN2O abatement processes. He developed the use of perovskite type structures for substituting critical materials such as PGM. He is co-editor of two Wiley Books dedicated to perovskite materials (2015) one book series entitled ‘Past and Present in DeNOx catalysis’ (2007). He is author and co-author of more than 125 regular articles in peer-reviewed international journals, 6 book chapters, one monography and obtained a Lecture Prize during the International ICEC meeting in Lyon awarded by the Catalysis Division of the French Chemical Society.


Kinetics for DeNOx reactions in three-way or lean conditions has been the subject of a huge number of investigations over mixed metal oxides and supported metallic catalysts, i.e., Platinum Group Metal. The complexity of these studies is usually related to the involvement of the support and especially the metal/support interface. According to the strength of such interactions, between nano-sized particles and the support materials, the size and the morphology of those metallic particles can be significantly altered inducing modifications in the kinetic behavior typically for structure-sensitive reactions. Some illustrations will be given through the kinetics of the reduction of NO to nitrogen in three-way near stoichiometric conditions and in lean conditions on mixed metal oxides showing the participation of different reaction intermediates. Correlations between kinetic parameters and surface properties will be tentatively established and discussed.
    The second part will be dedicated to the role played by the metal/support interface visualized through Temporal Analysis of Products. Fresh and aged Natural Gas Vehicle Catalysts were analyzed from single methane and NO. Results will be discussed in order to identify the most prominent elementary steps governing the catalytic properties on fresh and aged samples.

Audience Take Away:

•    Explain how the audience will be able to use what they learn?
The content of this presentation will highlight the difficult problem to relate surface properties of heterogeneous catalysts to their intrinsic catalytic properties and possible evolution under running conditions due to their instability. Selected examples for environmental catalysis will illustrate the complexity in defining the composition of active sites. 
•    How will this help the audience in their job? Is this research that other faculty could use to expand their research or teaching? Does this provide a practical solution to a problem that could simplify or make a designer’s job more efficient? Will it improve the accuracy of a design, or provide new information to assist in a design problem? List all other benefits.